TODAY IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY:
The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Tagalog: Repúbliká ng Pilipinas), or known in the Philippines as Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republican (also known as the puppet republic), was established during the Japanese occupation.
President Manuel L. Quezon declared Manila, the capital city, an “open city” and left it under the rule of Jorge B. Vargas, as mayor. The Japanese entered the city on January 2, 1942, and established it as the capital. Japan fully captured the Philippines on May 6, 1942, after the Battle of Corregidor.